Standing 30 meters (100 feet) high, it was built to guard the entrance to the harbor at Rhodes. The Naturalis Historia is one of the largest single works to have survived from the Roman Empire to the modern day and purports to cover the entire field of ancient knowledge. Where the limbs are broken asunder, vast caverns are seen yawning in the interior. According to most contemporary descriptions, the Colossus stood approximately 70 cubits, or 33 metres (108 feet) high— approximately two thirds the height of the modern Statue of Liberty from feet to crown—making it the tallest statue in the ancient world. It was built by Chares of Lindos, a student of Lysippos. [27], In 2008, The Guardian reported that a modern Colossus was to be built at the harbour entrance by German artist Gert Hof leading a Cologne-based team. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. The statue’s finished parts remained concealed and Chares himself proceeded with the work with blind faith. The original, … [25], Archaeologist Ursula Vedder postulates that the Colossus was not located in the harbour area at all, but rather was part of the Acropolis of Rhodes, which stood on a hill that overlooks the port area. The monumental statue remained fallen until 654 CE, before it was ultimately victim to destruction, fragmentation, and looting… and now, there is a chance it may be resurrected once more. This statue fifty-six years after it was erected, was thrown down by an earthquake; but even as it lies, it excites our wonder and admiration. 150 BC and Pliny (Plineus Caius Secundus) ca. A relief in a nearby temple shows Helios standing with one hand shielding his eyes, similar to the way a person shields their eyes when looking toward the sun, and it is quite possible that the colossus was constructed in the same pose. Ptolemy III offered to pay for the reconstruction of the statue, but the oracle of Delphi made the Rhodians afraid that they had offended Helios, and they declined to rebuild it. The Colossus of Rhodes, depicted in this hand-colored engraving, was built about 280 BC. While scholars generally agree that anecdotal depictions of the Colossus straddling the harbour's entry point have no historic or scientific basis,[25] the monument's actual location remains a matter of debate. The cost at the time was 500 bronze talents and 300 iron talents – more than $1 billion dollars today. For twelve years, workers forged and reforged iron and bronze left behind from military weapons to create the outer shell of the statue. "34". Within it, too, are to be seen large masses of rock, by the weight of which the artist steadied it while erecting it.”[19][20], In 653, an Arab force under Muslim caliph Muawiyah I captured Rhodes, and according to The Chronicle of Theophanes the Confessor,[21] the statue was melted down and sold to a Jewish merchant of Edessa who loaded the bronze on 900 camels. Geography. It represented the god Helios, and was built to thank the gods for the victory over Demetrius Poliorcetes’ long siege (305 BCE) of Rhodes. The harbour-straddling Colossus was a figment of medieval imaginations based on the dedication text's mention of "over land and sea" twice and the writings of an Italian visitor who in 1395 noted that local tradition held that the right foot had stood where the church of St John of the Colossus was then located. Geography, Strabo, Book XIV, Chapter 2.5, Natural History, Book 34 Natural History of Metals, accessed at, "Rhodes reconstruction project will be a colossal gamble for Greece – but it might well pay off", "There's a Plan To Rebuild the Colossus of Rhodes", https://www.britannica.com/topic/Colossus-of-Rhodes, "Colossus of Rhodes – A Wonder of the Ancient World", "Engineering Aspects of the Collapse of the Colossus of Rhodes Statue", http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Roman/Texts/Strabo/14B*.html, https://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.02.0137%3Abook%3D34%3Achapter%3D18, "Koloss von Rhodos: Standort entdeckt! Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. who lived several centuries after the Colossus was built, construction took Other historians place the start of the work in 304 BC. [citation needed]. Check other interesting facts about Colossus of Rhodes below: Facts about Colossus of Rhodes 1: the sculptor. After cooling down, the bronze took the specific shape of Chares’ required piece. 50 AD based on viewing the broken remains, Anthologia Graeca 4, 171 H. Beckby (Munich 1957). The statue did not straddle the harbour entrance. As construction took them higher and higher, the workers developed a new method of reaching the heights. It was built in 280BC as a lighthouse for Rhodes harbour — … Updates? The Colossus of Rhodes, a 1961 film, depicts Rhodes in the Hellenistic period. [22] The Arab destruction and the purported sale to a Jew possibly originated as a powerful metaphor for Nebuchadnezzar's dream of the destruction of a great statue. The Colossus of Rhodes was a colossal statue of the Greek sun god Helios that stood in the ancient Greek city of Rhodes and was one of the Seven Wonders of the World. Strabo (1949). The statue, known as the Colossus, had been built before 250 BC to give thanks to the gods for delivering the city safely from a Macedonian siege. Strabo was a Greek geographer, philosopher, and historian who lived in Asia Minor during the transitional period of the Roman Republic into the Roman Empire. It holds so much power that in 2008 it was reported that a modern Colossus was to be built at the harbour entrance, and another project was suggested in 2015. Few men can clasp the thumb in their arms, and its fingers are larger than most statues. with conquering limbs astride from land to land, While these fanciful images feed the misconception, the mechanics of the situation reveal that the Colossus could not have straddled the harbour as described in Lemprière's Classical Dictionary. The Colossus of Rhodes is a statue that was built on the Greek island of Rhodes between 292 and 280 BC. Designed by Greek sculptor Chares of Lindos, the Colossus of Rhodes reportedly stood about 110 feet tall atop a 50-foot platform. [25][26] There is also no evidence that the statue held a torch aloft; the records simply say that after completion, the Rhodians kindled the "torch of freedom". That belief, which originated in the Middle Ages, would have been impossible to realize from an engineering standpoint. Before being destroyed in an earthquake, the Colossus of Rhodes was 70 cubits tall, over 30 metres, making it the tallest statue of the ancient world. The Colossus was a huge statue built to honor the Ancient Greek god of the Sun, Helios. It serves as the first boss in God of War II. Beginning in 292 B.C., Greek sculptor Chares began construction on the Colossus. Translated by Horace Leonard Jones. Click to see full answer. For to the descendants of Herakles belongs dominion over sea and land. VIII Book XVII. The statue was built in 280 BC to celebrate victory over Cyprus. [16] The statue snapped at the knees and fell over onto the land. To find ourselves dishonourable graves. 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