But it is unlikely that it was any later than 29 Rabi-Thani 9 BH (19 February 614), as any date later than the fourth month would not have been “early” in the year. "[64] The Qur'an,33:37 however, indicated that this marriage was a duty imposed upon him by God. He did this on the occasion of the raid on the Mustaliq tribe, and the lot fell on me, so the apostle took me out. Muhammad loved Khadijah, who was the same age as himself, when they were both young. This is not a serious contradiction. The apostle on that day was 53 years of age, that being 13 years after God called him. When Muhammad died in 632, Aishah was left a childless widow. It does not reflect any uncertainty about Aisha’s date of birth, since they confirm that the marriage was consummated when she was nine. This makes it very clear that Muhammad was already married to Zaynab during this controversy, which arose before the warriors had even arrived home from the al-Muraysi expedition. This means it is quite difficult to calculate comparative dates. She (Aisha) lived with the Prophet Muhammad for 9 years. But this is clearly impossible in the light of the fact that she lived another fifty years. Hafsah’s Median Age = 19 years and 6 months. Understanding the Age of Aisha (Wife of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ) Saajid Lipham. According to this, she was born in 30 BH, i.e., between 9 June 593 and 28 May 594 (median = 2 December 593). The ages of these five women are unknown. [63] Since he was born in 53 BH, this would place her birth in 30 BH. If Hakim ibn Hizam was not literally 120, nor is it necessarily true that Khadijah (or any other person) was the age he claimed for her. Ramlah was young enough to be Muhammad’s daughter. Muhammad’s daughter Fatima was born in the same year.[55]. Ramlah’s Median Age = 34 years and 7 months. (continued from Muhammad & Naskh) It is interesting to note that this 'inspiration' for Muhammad to take as many wives as he desired occurred to him not while Khadijah, his dominant first wife was alive, but after she died and during Muhammad 's ensuing mid-life binge of taking wives, including Ai'sha, a 6-year old child who was said to be his favorite "wife" (see below). Since the mean age of menarche was 12½ years,[67] this indicates that Mulaykah was about 13, plus or minus a couple of years. Amira Sonbol, “Rise of Islam: 6th to 9th century”, Anwar Al Awlaki, The Life of the Prophet Muhammad, the Makkan Period, CD 5, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFSpellberg1994 (, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFArmstrong1992 (, Freyer Stowasser (1996), p. 88, Oxford University Press, For example Qadi Iyad ibn Musa al-Yahsubi, V. Vacca, Safiyya bt. [68] It is practically certain that he married Mulaykah during his fortnight of residence in the city, i.e. Lecker, M. (1995). If he became a Muslim in 8 AH, this was only 46 years before his death and not 60. Muhammad’s Age at Marriage = 58 years and 9 months. However, there is no need for this kind of guessing, for her age is in fact recorded. [53] Rodinson disagrees with Watt arguing that the story is stressed in the traditional texts and that it would not have aroused any adverse comment or criticism. We must admit that the discussion of how old the Prophet Muhammad was when he became a Prophet is one of the important discussions that must be known by all Muslims. Zaynab bint Jahsh was Muhammad's cousin, the daughter of one of his father's sisters. Some of Muhammad's widows were active politically in the Islamic state after Muhammad's death. This page was last edited on 13 November 2020, at 02:47. The necklace was found, but during the same journey, Aisha lost it again. “A noble match,” he replied. For a start, Ibn Ishaq disagrees. He says this was about five years before Muhammad was born. Young people are usually accurate about their ages (“When my husband was killed, I was definitely 20, not 19 or 21”) whereas the elderly are more likely to use round numbers (“I think this will be my final illness, for I’m already in my mid-60s”). His hometown of Mecca houses an ancient and famous pilgrimage sanctuary, the Kaʿbah. Nobody denies that Khadijah married Muhammad as a very willing adult. The Prophet’s first wife, Khadija, supported him in the beginning of his Prophet hood in Mecca and through his most difficult days up until her death. They do not give precise information about how old the women were. Her husband, Mustafa bin Safwan, had been killed in the battle. (1960). A Muslim scholar, she is credited with narrating more than two thousand hadith. Aisha narrated that Allah’s Apostle married her when she was seven years old, and he she was taken to his house as a bride, Abdullah narrated. Muhammad had now passed his twentieth year, and as time went on he received more and more invitations … This question has already been adequately answered here and here. This is possibly just careless counting by some person other than Aisha: “Nine and a bit plus nine and a bit is still only 18.” But it could also mean that on the day when Muhammad died, Aisha had not yet passed her birthday. Maymunah died in the year 61 AH during the caliphate of Yazid ibn Muawiya. [81] According to Martin Lings, Muhammad had given Safiyyah the choice of returning to the defeated Banu Nadir, or becoming Muslim and marrying him, and Safiyyah opted for the latter choice. [34], According to Sunni belief, Aisha was extremely scholarly and inquisitive (the Shia belief is somewhat different, considering her role in The Battle of Camel against Ali, along with other matters). [5] He noted that remarriage was difficult for widows in a society that emphasized virgin marriages. Child marriages are baned by law in the Christian World, and sex with minors are called Criminal pedophilia. Hafsah’s Median Age = 19 years and 7 months. The year in which she was 20 would have been 5 AH. 9 Facts You Should Know About Aisha, The Prophet’s Wife. W riting about Muhammad, the prophet of Islam, the Orientalist scholar W Montgomery Watt wrote: "Of all the world's great men, none has been so much maligned as Muhammad… Muhammad was monogamous for 25 years when married to his first wife, Khadija bint Khuwaylid. We stood on the walls of Medina, looking out … [Aisha said]: “By Allah! Thereafter, he married eight women, all of them widows or divorcees, all old or middle-aged. She was very talented and had a wonderful memory. No contemporary historian gives Sawdah’s exact age, so we can only make an educated guess. It was not included in the recension of Ibn Hisham (who was not interested in the ages of women) or used as a source by Ibn Saad or Tabari (who followed Hakim ibn Hizam's tradition, presumably for the reasons given above). Aisha was 6 when she married the prophet(SAS) and 9 when the marriage was consumed as stated in Al Bukhari from Aisha's statement (Vlm5, Bk58,Hadith234&236).Aisha was shown to the prophet(SAS) in his dream (Vlm5,Bk58,Hadith 235).It was right back then and it is right today to marry girls as soon as they reach the age of Nikah as Allah calls it in Chapter 4, which is the age of … [105] The grave of the wives of Muhammed is located at al-Baqīʿ Cemetery, Medina. See also, For a modern assessment of Aisha’s contribution to the. Aishah, the wife of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), is considered one of the greatest scholars in Islam—and for good reason. He therefore had family bonds with all the first four Caliphs). Safiyah apparently knew that she had been born in Rabi-Awwal 17 years earlier, though she did not know whether it had been late or early in the month and therefore did not know whether she had reached 17 full years on the particular night when she married Muhammad. ... Hadrat 'A'isha was eighteen years of age at the time when the Holy Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) passed away and she remained a widow for forty-eight years till she died at the age of sixty-seven." Yes, Aishah get married with him as early as 6 but only come to live with him at 9. In 628, at the Battle of Khaybar,[80] Banu Nadir was defeated, her husband was executed and she was taken as a prisoner. [93] According to Ibn Sa'd, Safiyyah was very charitable and generous. But all his wives were elderly ladies or widows except [Aisha and Mariyah]. Her contribution to the spread of Muhammad's message was extraordinary, and she served the Muslim community for 44 years after his death. We must admit that the discussion of how old the Prophet Muhammad was when he became a Prophet is one of the important discussions that must be known by all Muslims. He soon married the daughter of the Quraysh leader, Abu Sufyan ibn Harb, aimed at further reconciling his opponents. She has gone, and you are left free to do whatever you like. However, this kind of anachronism is exactly what we would expect from a person who is not remembering an event but inventing it from his imagination. Zaynab’s life is not well documented, which has led to guessing about her age. Aisha and Hafsa had a lasting relationship. His first marriage was at the age of 25 to the 40-year-old Khadijah. In fact, we strongly suspect that the date was towards the end of this period. According to Umar ibn Uthman [ibn Abdullah al-Jahshi] from his father: “Zaynab bint Jahsh died at the age of 53.”. It is generally agreed among historians, both Muslim and orientalist, that at the time of her marriage with the Messenger of Allah – may the peace and blessings of Almighty Allah be upon him – his first wife, Khadija, was forty years old. [22] Abu Talib and Khadija died in the same year. [71][72], One of the captives from the skirmish with the Banu Mustaliq was Juwayriyya bint al-Harith, who was the daughter of the tribe's chieftain. The third wife of the Prophet Muhammad is Aisha bint Abu Bakr. [63], Muhammad, fearing public opinion, was initially reluctant to marry Zaynab. She gave some of Muhammad's other wives gifts from her jewels that she brought with her from Khaybar. But it is unlikely. However, it is more likely that, when asked for a date, she accidentally named the wrong expedition than that, recalling what could be considered 'the crisis of her life', she could not remember whether she had been veiled or who had been spreading gossip about her. We can now take an informed estimate of her age at consummation. (continued from Muhammad & Naskh) It is interesting to note that this 'inspiration' for Muhammad to take as many wives as he desired occurred to him not while Khadijah, his dominant first wife was alive, but after she died and during Muhammad 's ensuing mid-life binge of taking wives, including Ai'sha, a 6-year old child who was said to be his favorite "wife" (see below). Abu Bakr’s accuracy is not really surprising, as he was a recognised expert on genealogy,[53] so a person’s month of birth was exactly the kind of detail that he would remember. The Rabi-Awwal of 17 years earlier fell between 14 January and 12 February 612, giving Safiyah a birthdate of 28 January 612, plus or minus a fortnight. He thinks that even if there is a basis of fact underlying the narrative, it would have been subject to exaggeration in the course of transmission as the later Muslims liked to maintain that there was no celibacy and monkery in Islam. 26 Elephant was 28 BH. [46] So the episode in which Sawdah “became old” and pleaded with Muhammad to not divorce her occurred between mid-625 and early 627. A wedding date of 29 Safar that year would have fallen on 16 July 595. But it all belongs to the same general period. Ibn Abbas was the cousin who lived at Muhammad’s side through the final years in Medina. If they knew that she had been born at the “beginning” and not the “middle” or the “end” of the year, it is unlikely that they would have been wrong about the year itself. [35] She is also known for narrating 2210 hadith,[36] not just on matters related to Muhammad's private life, but also on topics such as marriage, sex, inheritance, pilgrimage, eschatology, among other subjects. A'isha: Mohammed's Nine-Year Old Wife. Further, it is certain that the raid at al-Muraysi and consequent marriage to Juwayriyah took place not before, but after, Muhammad’s marriage to Zaynab bint Jahsh. [10] But Hakim’s ability to recite details that were already common knowledge does not prove he was an eyewitness to the event: he might well have heard the story from his parents. Judaism among Kinda and the Ridda of Kinda. And, in this article I will explain about the age of the Prophet Muhammad when he became a Prophet. She had previously converted to Islam (in Mecca) against her father's will. Hind’s Median Age = 28 years and 6 months. [43] The surah is also full of invectives against the Jews[44] and “hypocrites,”[45] who were no longer a problem after April 627. In Yathrib, he (S.A.W) established an Islamic Community. A Muslim scholar, she is credited with narrating more than two thousand hadith. [The apostle] attacked the Mustaliq branch of the Khuza’a tribe … He went out and met them at a watering-place of theirs called al-Muraysi …, I asked Aisha about the marriage of the Messenger of Allah to Zaynab bint Jahsh. The other women with whom he is known to have had a sexual relationship are the five listed below, four of whom were technically concubines (sex slaves) rather than legal wives. Ibn Kathir makes Muhammad 25 years older than Ramlah. The prayer was unlawful for my aunt before the Messenger of Allah was born.” Hakim’s statement, “The prayer was unlawful for her,” means she menstruated, but he is speaking as the people of Islam speak. [81] According to Al-Bayhaqi, Safiyyah was initially angry at Muhammad as both her father and husband had been killed. So we already know that Sawdah was pre-menopausal in 620. Aisha (r.a) was a great Muslim lady. Maymunah's Median Age at Marriage = 35 years and 2 months. 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