Rural for most of its history, its Victorian fashionability and the growing affordability of holidays led to significant urban development during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Historically part of Hampshire, the island became a separate administrative county in 1890. It is the home of the bands The Bees, Trixie's Big Red Motorbike and Level 42. A monolith has mysteriously appeared in Britain - just days after similar ones were spotted in the US and Romania. [125], Another manufacturing activity is in composite materials, used by boat-builders and the wind turbine manufacturer Vestas, which has a wind turbine blade factory and testing facilities in West Medina Mills and East Cowes. [94], Island residents are sometimes referred to as "Vectensians", "Vectians" or, if born on the island, "caulkheads". [84] He stood down prior to the 2017 snap general election, and the new Conservative Party candidate Bob Seely was elected with a majority of 21,069 votes. There are rowing clubs at Newport, Ryde and Shanklin, all members of the Hants and Dorset rowing association. Its county seat is a town named Isle of Wight. Holidays focused on natural heritage, including wildlife and geology, are becoming an alternative to the traditional British seaside holiday, which went into decline in the second half of the 20th century due to the increased affordability of foreign holidays. 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Without human intervention the sea might well have split the island into three: at the west end where a bank of pebbles separates Freshwater Bay from the marshy backwaters of the Western Yar east of Freshwater, and at the east end where a thin strip of land separates Sandown Bay from the marshy Eastern Yar basin. Evidence of mesolithic occupation on the island is generally found along the river valleys, particularly along the north of the Island, and in the former catchment of the western Yar. Home of the Daily and Sunday Express. The Isle of Wight (/waɪt/) is a county and the largest and second-most populous island in England. Tom Dunford, 29, said he … There are two airfields for general aviation, Isle of Wight Airport at Sandown and Bembridge Airport. The piers at Ryde, Seaview, Sandown, Shanklin and Ventnor originally served a coastal steamer service that operated from Southsea on the mainland. [128], There are three breweries on the island. The island, which is separated from the coast of Hampshire by the Solent, currently boasts a population of 141,538. Here more than 300 acheulean handaxes have been recovered from the beach and cliff slopes, originating from a sequence of Pleistocene gravels dating approximately to MIS 11 (424,000-374,000 years ago).[12]. Things to Do in Isle of Wight, England: See Tripadvisor's 66,525 traveler reviews and photos of Isle of Wight attractions. Apart from a shared police force, and the island's Anglican churches belonging to the Diocese of Portsmouth (originally Winchester), there is now no administrative link with Hampshire; although a combined local authority with Portsmouth and Southampton was considered,[7] this is now unlikely to proceed.[8]. The Sunshine Trail, which is a circular route linking Sandown, Shanklin, Godshill, and Wroxall of 12 miles (19 km); The Troll Trail between Cowes and Sandown of 13 miles (21 km), 90% off-road; The Round the Island Cycle Route of 62 miles (100 km). At the Isle of Wight Council election of 2013, the Conservatives lost the majority which they had held since 2005 to the Island Independents, with Island Independent councillors holding 16 of the 40 seats, and a further five councillors sitting as independents outside the group. To promote the island's identity and culture, the High Sheriff Robin Courage founded an Isle of Wight Day; the first was held on Saturday 24 September 2016. It is the Destination Management Organisation for the Isle of Wight, a public and private sector partnership led by the private sector, and consists of over 1,200 companies, including the ferry operators, the local bus company, rail operator and tourism providers working together to collectively promote the island. A major contributor to the local economy is sailing and marine-related tourism. The island is well known for its cycling, and it was included within Lonely Planet's Best in Travel Guide (2010) top ten cycling locations. Why does the Queen use a “bathing machine” to go swimming in ITV’s Victoria? They are rich in fossils; many can be seen exposed on beaches as the cliffs erode. The boom in tourism, spurred by growing wealth and leisure time, and by Victoria's presence, led to significant urban development of the island's coastal resorts. Unlike the previous mesolithic hunter-gatherer population Neolithic communities on the Isle of Wight were based on farming and linked to a wide-scale migration of Neolithic populations from France and northwest Europe to Britain c.6000 years ago. Thus the single constituency remained for the 2015, 2017 and 2019 general elections. An annual walking festival[137] has attracted considerable interest. The Isle of Wight's most visible Neolithic site is the Longstone at Mottistone, the remains of a long-barrow originally constructed with two standing stones at the entrance. [89][90], The island has its own local and regional words. [113], There are eight Golf courses on the Isle of Wight. The Isle of Wight is the UK's second-most populous island, behind the Portsea Island. The term "overner" is used for island residents originating from the mainland (an abbreviated form of "overlander", which is an archaic term for "outsider" still found in parts of Australia). The island has over 200 miles (322 km) of cycleways, many of which can be enjoyed off-road. The 1970 show was notable both as one of the last public performances by Jimi Hendrix and for the number of attendees, reaching by some estimates 600,000. The Isle of Wight is the 39th official county in English cricket, and the Isle of Wight Cricket Board organises a league of local clubs. A submerged escarpment 11m below sea level off Bouldnor Cliff on the island's northwest coastline is home to an internationally significant mesolithic archaeological site. Group accommodation & cottages for big groups on the Isle of Wight. The Government has now published the app would eventually incorporate a `` test-ordering function '' ]! Hosted observation stations and transmitters, as well as the pagan Kingdom of Wihtwara under King.. And in 2017 started broadcasting on FM 104.6 rock music event ever held is unusual in having four tides... 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